Court Types and Levels

Multiple-Choice Questions.

Try answering these comparison tables. Remember, both statements on the same line have to be true or accurate.

1. Which of the following is an accurate comparison of trial and appeals courts?

  Trial Courts Appeals Courts
(A) Where most court conflicts originate and end Exist to assure the concept of certiorari
(B) Have multiple judges that sit on a panel during a trial Must accept appeals from citizens who request an appeal
(C) Include the Supreme Court and the federal circuit courts Are guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment’s right to a fair trial
(D) Make rulings on the law, and do not determine facts Have a 12-member jury to decide disputes


2. Which of the following is an accurate comparison of U.S District Courts and the U.S. Supreme Court?

  U.S. District Courts U.S. Supreme Court
(A) Hear cases involving federal crimes and high-dollar disputes between citizens from different states Is a nine-judge panel with original and appellate jurisdiction
(B) Typically have jurisdiction over violent crimes, like rape and armed robbery Hears all trials involving the death penalty
(C) Can grant certiorari if accepting an appeal from a lower court Can hear cases on federal law, but not state law
(D) Are served by judges elected by the people Hears and decides verdicts for seriously violent crimes and repeat offenders