Here’s an example a text passage and two text-based questions you’ll likely see on the AP Government Exam.
The following questions go with the text below.
This morning [Homeland Security] Secretary Napolitano announced new actions my administration will take to mend our Nation’s immigration policy to make it more fair, more efficient, and more just, specifically for . . . young people who study in our schools, they play in our neighborhoods, they’re friends with our kids, they pledge allegiance to our flag. They are Americans in their heart, in their minds, in every single way but one: on paper. They were brought to this country by their parents–sometimes even as infants–and often have no idea that they’re undocumented . . . Over the next few months, eligible individuals who do not present a risk to national security or public safety will be able to request temporary relief from deportation proceedings and apply for work authorization.
—President Barack Obama, The White House, June 15, 2012.
1. In this action, President Obama used which constitutional power?
(A) power to veto congressional acts
(B) power as commander in chief
(C) power to enforce the law
(D) power to appoint department secretaries
2. Which of the following ideological perspectives is most consistent with this directive?
(A) Liberal on immigration policy
(B) Conservative on law and order
(C) Conservative on environment
(D) Libertarian on education
3. Which of the following statements would this president likely agree with?
(A) This is a national security measure that is necessary and proper.
(B) The president ought to follow the letter of the law when it comes to illegal immigration.
(C) All illegal immigrants should be treated the same.
(D) Though young children of illegal immigrants are in the U.S. illegally, it may be impractical or unjust to deport them.
The following questions refer to the approval ratings of presidents Bush and Obama.
George W. Bush Barack Obama
4. Based on the information in the above two line charts, what conclusion can you draw?
(A) At the point of their re-election to a second term, both presidents enjoyed an approval rating at or above 50 percent.
(B) It is likely President Bush convinced Congress to pass more policies in his second term than his first.
(C) Both presidents had low approval ratings during their honeymoon periods.
(D) For both presidents the peak of their popularity occurred during the nation’s worst economic conditions.
5. Which characterization of the two approval ratings is accurate?
(A) President Bush’s job approval rating had a greater variance than president Obama’s.
(B) President Bush left office with a higher approval rating than did Obama.
(C) President Obama had a higher rating because he served only one term.
(D) No president had a higher approval rating than these two men.